Dual or Multiple Exceptionality 2017-04-20T13:35:48+00:00
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Dual or Multiple Exceptionality

Dual or multiple exceptionality is when a child experiences high learning potential alongside a special educational need because of a learning difficulty or disability.

In this section you can find out all about what the term dual or multiple exceptionality means, what it covers, the characteristics of dual or multiple exceptional children, the common issues such children have and the support they need.

Definition of Dual or Multiple Exceptionality

The term dual or multiple exceptionality is used in the UK to describe children who have both high learning potential and would be classed as having a special educational need because of a learning difficulty or a disability. It means the same thing as the term ‘twice exceptional’, or ‘2e’, that is used in the US and in other parts of the world.

The term dual or multiple exceptionality reflects the fact that an individual may have more than one issue alongside their high learning potential, for example have both an autism spectrum disorder and attention deficit alongside exceptional cognitive abilities.

It is estimated that 5-10% of childrenTO VIEW THE REST OF THE ARTICLE PLEASE LOG INTO YOUR ACCOUNT

Find out more about children with dual or multiple exceptionality with our advice sheet F01 Dual or Multiple Exceptionality.

Characteristics of Dual or Multiple Exceptional Children

Whilst it is difficult to generalise about such a diverse group of children and much will depend on the type of issues alongside their high learning potential, dual or multiple exceptional children share some characteristics. The characteristics relate to their intellectual strengths, academic difficulties, emotional and behavioural characteristics.

Related to their intellectual strengths,TO VIEW THE REST OF THE ARTICLE PLEASE LOG INTO YOUR ACCOUNT

Difficulties Dual or Multiple Exceptional Children Face

There are several learning differences and disabilities that commonly exist alongside high learning potential. When a child has both a learning difficulty or disability  and high learning potential they experience considerable frustration and challenge in their daily lives, resulting in emotional and, sometimes, behavioural problems. Commonly found alongside high learning potential are:

  • Autism Spectrum Disorders (particularly Asperger Syndrome, High Function Autism and Pathological Demand Avoidance)
  • Attention Deficit (Hyperactivity) Disorder (and problems with executive functioning)
  • Sensory Processing Difficulties, including Dyspraxia
  • Dyslexia, Dysgraphia, Dyscalculia
  • Auditory Processing Disorder
  • Hypermobility
  • Auditory and Visual Impairment

Support Dual or Multiple Exceptional Children Need

In order to avoid problems and to support to them meet their potential, dual or multiple exceptional children need recognition and understanding both at home and at school. Most fundamentally, they need support both for their high potential and their difficulty or disability as supporting one without the other will cause further pressure or frustration.

Supporting Dual or Multiple Exceptional Children at Home

Children with dual or multiple exceptionality need the following support in their home environments:

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